The Historical Atlas of West Virginia


The Historical Atlas of West Virginia

Frank S. Riddel
2008
256pp
HC/J  978-1-933202-27-3
$29.95

Summary

Few reference works are as valuable to  scholars and non-scholars as an historical atlas. The Historical Atlas of West Virginia is important title for libraries, schools, and every West Virginian who wants to understand how historical forces are mapped onto the state’s terrain.  Frank Riddel’s The Historical Atlas of West Virginia is copiously illustrated with maps, tables, and charts depicting everything from geological deposits and strata that have fed the state’s industries to the settlement patterns of the immigrants who settled in West Virginia. Using federal and state statistics, it also includes revelations from the national census figures since 1790.

2008 ForeWord Magazine Book of the Year Award Finalist
2008 Southeastern Library Association Southern Book Competition, Honorable Mention for Typographical Design

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. About the Author
  3. GEOGRAPHY

    1. West Virginia’s Location
    2. Latitude, Longitude, and Size of West Virginia
    3. West Virginia within the Appalachian Region
    4. West Virginia’s Borders
    5. Physical Subdivisions of West Virginia
    6. Land Relief in West Virginia
    7. Major Rivers in West Virginia
    8. Natural Wonders in West Virginia
    9. State and National Parks and Forests in West Virginia
  4. HISTORY

    1. The Adena and Hopewell Heartland
    2. Early Woodland Sites in West Virginia, 1000 B.C.–A.D. 1
    3. Early Middle Woodland Sites in West Virginia, A.D. 1–A.D. 500
    4. Late Middle Woodland Sites in West Virginia, A.D. 500–A.D. 1000
    5. Late Prehistoric Cultures in West Virginia, 1000–1700
    6. Major Indian Tribes and Their Approximate Locations during the Late Prehistoric and Early Historic Periods
    7. Major Indian Trails in West Virginia
    8. Hunting Areas of Predominant Tribes in West Virginia Early in the 18th Century
    9. Territorial Provisions of the Virginia Charter of 1606
    10. Territorial Provisions of the Virginia Charter of 1609
    11. The Exploration of Western Virginia, 1650–1673
    12. The Exploration of Western Virginia, 1674–1749
    13. The Exploration of Western Virginia, 1750–1752
    14. The Fairfax Proprietary: Granted in 1649 and Defined by Surveys in 1736 and 1746
    15. The Great Land Companies of Colonial Virginia
    16. European Claims East of the Mississippi, 1713–1763
    17. Frontier Defenses in Western Virginia, 1750–1792
    18. Virginia and Conflict between France and Great Britain, 1753–1763
    19. European Possessions after the French and Indian War, 1763–1776
    20. Settlement in West Virginia by 1763
    21. Pontiac’s Rebellion, 1763–1764
    22. The Royal Proclamation of 1763: A Barrier to Settlement beyond the Mountains
    23. The Indian Boundary Line, 1768–1771
    24. Land Schemes in Western Virginia: Indiana and Vandalia
    25. Dunmore’s War—1774
    26. An Effort to Create a New State in Western Virginia: Westsylvania
    27. The American Revolution in Western Virginia
    28. The New Nation—1783
    29. The Virginia-Pennsylvania Boundary Dispute
    30. Western Land Claims and Cessions, 1776–1802
    31. The Reduction of Virginia’s Land Claims, 1632–1863
    32. Reducing the Indian Threat to Western Virginia, 1793–1795
    33. Settlement in West Virginia by 1800
    34. The Civil War in West Virginia—1861
    35. The Civil War in West Virginia—1862
    36. The Civil War in West Virginia—1863
    37. The Civil War in West Virginia—1864
    38. The Civil War in West Virginia—1865
    39. Counties Represented at the First Wheeling Convention—May 1861
    40. Results of the Virginia Referendum on Secession in the Counties that became the State of West Virginia—May 23, 1861
    41. Counties Represented at the Second Wheeling Convention—June 1861
    42. Boundaries of the Proposed State of ‘Kanawha’
    43. Results of the Referendum on the New State Ordinance—October 24, 1861
    44. Boundaries of West Virginia Adopted by the Constitutional Convention (November 26, 1861–February 18, 1862)
    45. Boundaries of West Virginia when Admitted to the Union—June 20, 1863
    46. West Virginia’s Capitals
    47. The West Virginia Mine Wars, 1912–1913 and 1919–1921
    48. Absentee Ownership in West Virginia
  5. THE EVOLUTION OF COUNTIES

    1. Western Virginia Counties, 1734–1742
    2. Western Virginia Counties, 1743–1753
    3. Western Virginia Counties, 1754–1771
    4. Western Virginia Counties, 1772–1775
    5. Western Virginia Counties, 1776–1778
    6. Western Virginia Counties, 1779–1782
    7. Western Virginia Counties, 1783–1791
    8. Western Virginia Counties, 1792–1800
    9. Western Virginia Counties, 1801–1810
    10. Western Virginia Counties, 1811–1820
    11. Western Virginia Counties, 1821–1830
    12. Western Virginia Counties, 1831–1840
    13. Western Virginia Counties, 1841–1850
    14. Western Virginia Counties, 1851–1863
    15. West Virginia Counties, 1863–Present
    16. West Virginia County Seats
  6. THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

    1. Principal Roads in Western Virginia in 1800
    2. Principal Roads in Western Virginia in 1835
    3. Principal Roads in Western Virginia during the Civil War
    4. Principal Roads in West Virginia in 1955
    5. Principal Roads in West Virginia in 2008
    6. Railroads in West Virginia in 1863
    7. Railroads in West Virginia in 1893
    8. Railroads in West Virginia in 1920
    9. Railroads in West Virginia in 2000
    10. Locks and Dams in West Virginia
    11. Public Airports in West Virginia
  7. NATURAL RESOURCES AND EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES

    1. Salt Deposits in West Virginia
    2. Major Lumber-Producing Counties in West Virginia
    3. Oil Deposits in West Virginia
    4. Natural Gas Deposits in West Virginia
    5. Coal Deposits in West Virginia
  8. EDUCATION

    1. Academies Established in Western Virginia prior to the Civil War
    2. Institutions of Higher Education in West Virginia
  9. POPULATION, 1790–2000

    1. Western Virginia’s Population in 1790
    2. Western Virginia’s Population in 1800
    3. Western Virginia’s Population in 1810
    4. Western Virginia’s Population in 1820
    5. Western Virginia’s Population in 1830
    6. Western Virginia’s Population in 1840
    7. Western Virginia’s Population in 1850
    8. Western Virginia’s Population in 1860
    9. West Virginia’s Population in 1870
    10. West Virginia’s Population in 1880
    11. West Virginia’s Population in 1890
    12. West Virginia’s Population in 1900
    13. West Virginia’s Population in 1910
    14. West Virginia’s Population in 1920
    15. West Virginia’s Population in 1930
    16. West Virginia’s Population in 1940
    17. West Virginia’s Population in 1950
    18. West Virginia’s Population in 1960
    19. West Virginia’s Population in 1970
    20. West Virginia’s Population in 1980
    21. West Virginia’s Population in 1990
    22. West Virginia’s Population in 2000
  10. LEGISLATIVE, JUDICIAL, AND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS

    1. West Virginia House of Delegates Districts
    2. West Virginia State Senate Districts
    3. West Virginia Judicial Circuits
    4. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1863)
    5. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1882)
    6. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1901)
    7. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1915)
    8. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1934)
    9. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1951)
    10. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1961)
    11. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1971)
    12. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1982)
    13. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 1992)
    14. West Virginia Congressional Districts (Apportionment of 2002)
  11. Appendix A: Governors of West Virginia
  12. Appendix B: United States Senators from West Virginia
  13. References
  14. Index

Author

Frank S. Riddel is originally from St. Mary’s, West Virginia and holds undergraduate and master’s degrees from Marshall University and a doctoral degree from The Ohio State University. He has co-authored two books published by the West Virginia Historical Education Foundation, West Virginia Government  and American Government: The USA and West Virginia. He is currently an Emeritus Professor of History at Marshall University where he continues to teach West Virginia History.

Reviews

"The Historical Atlas of West Virginia is a significant contribution to the literature on the state of West Virginia... In all, a handsome and useful work . . . whose maps will be used by generations to come for a better understanding of our state."
Kenneth C. Marris, West Virginia History

"...fills a major gap in West Virginia historiography."
West Virginia Archives & History News